CareYouHealth

CareYouHealth

* 1956 - First use in Western hemisphere of [[linear accelerator]] to treat [[cancer]]

* 1960 - First [[kidney transplant]] in California

* 1964 - Demonstration of electrical stimulation of auditory nerve in deaf patients, paving the way for [[cochlear implants]]

* 1968 - First adult human [[heart transplant]] in the United States

* 1970 - [[Leonard Herzenberg]] develops the [[Fluorescent-activated cell sortingfluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS)]] which revolutionizes the study of cancer cells and will be essential for purification of adult [[stem cell]]s

* 1974 - Isolation of genome of a virus that causes [[hepatitis B]] and a common form of [[liver cancer]]

* 1975 - Discovery of link between exercise and increased “good” (HDL) cholesterol levels

* 1979 - Discovery of [[dynorphin]], a brain chemical 200 times more powerful than [[morphine]]

* 1981 - First successful human combined heart/lung transplant in the world (fourth attempted worldwide)

* 1984 - Isolation of a gene coding for part of the [[T-cell receptor]], a key to the immune system’s function

* 1988 - Isolation of pure [[hematopoietic stem cell]]s from mice

* 1992 - Development of a genetically engineered vaccine to enhance patients’ immunological response against B-cell lymphoma

* 1993 - First clinical trial testing methods for preventing [[eating disorder]]s in adolescents

* 1996 - Discovery that the [[p53]] protein, known to be involved in controlling cancerous tumors, works as an “emergency brake” on cancer development

* 2000 - Solution of the structure of the [[RNA polymerase]] protein, a pivotal molecule that copies genes from DNA to RNA

* 2005 - Discovery of [[obestatin]], a hormone that suppresses appetite

* 2007 - Application and expansion of [[optogenetics]], a technique to control brain cell activity with light

* 2009 - Discovery of a [[CD47"don''t-eat-me" signal]] that allows blood cancer stem cells to migrate safely through the body

* 2009 - Discovery of the first human bladder cancer stem cell

* 2010 - For the first time, researchers use a healthy person''s complete genome sequence to predict his risk for dozens of diseases

* 2013 - [[Karl Deisseroth]]''s development of the [[CLARITY]] technique for rendering intact tissues transparent

* 2013 - A new technique induces egg growth in infertile women, and one gives birth

* 2014 - Study finds infusion of young blood recharges brains of old mice

* 2014 - First study to show no survival benefit for bilateral mastectomy for breast cancer patients

* 2014 - Discovery of abnormalities in the brains of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

* 2015 - Scientists find genetic signature enabling early, accurate sepsis diagnosis

* 2015 - Discovery of iron-containing inflammatory cells seen in Alzheimer’s brains that could be used to diagnose and monitor Alzheimer’s patients earlier than what is currently possible

* 2015 - Researchers genetically engineer yeast to produce opioids, a faster and less expensive technique that could improve access to medicines in impoverished nations

* 2015 - Discovery of a bacterial community in pregnant women that is linked to preterm birth